Reading various blogs, one would expect that the bounties of the Amazon rainforest – guava, manioc and armadillo – are enough to provide all the nutrition that children need. Eating foods that are foraged is apparently the secret to good health. Top Amazonian superfoods include acai berries, raw cacao, passionfruit and sacha inchi seeds. Amazonian tribes are also reported to have the most diverse gut microbiota, with its purported health benefits. So it may be surprising to learn that indigenous populations in South America are actually at a greater nutritional risk than national populations.
Entries filed under 'Child health'
As one of the richest countries in the world, the United States infant mortality rate is higher than the other 27 wealthiest countries. Babies born in the US are 3 times more likely to die during their first year than one born in Finland or Japan.
The most common nutrient deficiency among infants and children worldwide is iron. Iron deficiency delays cognitive development. According to new data (NHANES 2007-2010), ~14% of US toddlers (1-2y) and 7% of children 1-5y are iron deficient.
Have you ever taken a bath where the tub slowly drained? When it does, you have to keep dribbling in water. Otherwise, you are in a puddle not a bath. Of course, too much water too fast isn’t good because the tub soon overflows. Nutrition is similar to taking a bath. We constantly need to add water (nutrients). We don’t want to bathe in a puddle (or be deficient). We don’t want to overfill (excess). The goal is to keep optimal levels of nutrients in our bodies.
Skipping meals is never a good idea when one wants to eat a balanced diet, rich in vitamins and minerals. Lunch is an important source of nutrients for school-aged children. New data from 4,755 children and adolescents (NHANES 2009-2012) finds that missing lunch is associated with lower micronutrient intakes.
Children under 5y of age are particularly susceptible to anemia, infections, and diarrhea. Children from the poorest households are nearly twice as likely as their counterparts to die before their 5th birthday.
Nutrition and sanitation are key elements to slow, and hopefully stop, cycles of poverty and disadvantage. Nutritional supplements in the form of micronutrient powders (MNPs) or ready-to-use-foods (RUTF) can help provide young children with essential vitamins and minerals. MNPs can be added to food prepared for infants and young children.