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TalkingNutrition

Providing perspectives on recent research into vitamins and nutritionals

Entries filed under 'Pregnancy'

    Power of Programming 1000 days

    What is new in nutrition for the first 1000 days?: DSM Nutritional Products satellite symposium at the Power of Programming

    Manfred Eggersdorfer, Professor for Healthy Ageing at Groningen University and Senior Vice-President for Nutrition Science and Advocacy at DSM Nutritional Products, emphasized the importance of good nutrition during the first 1,000 days – from conception to the child’s second birthday – for life-long health. He then introduced the three experts who were going to discuss the latest science on vitamins K and D and long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA) in early life.

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    Two Studies Recommend DHA Supplementation During Pregnancy

    The last 3 months of pregnancy is a period of rapid increase in brain volume of an infant. It is a time when docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) accumulates in the brain and eye of the developing child. Because humans are extremely inefficient at converting α-linolenic acid (ALA) to DHA, it is important for women, especially when pregnant or lactating, eat seafood or use dietary supplements to obtain adequate amounts of DHA.

    The Kansas University DHA Outcomes Study (KUDOS) examined the effect of supplementing 600 mg DHA per day 

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    Folic Acid Intake, Blood Levels during Pregnancy and Newborn Health

    Researchers from Johns Hopkins University highlight the importance of maintaining normal blood levels of B vitamins in pregnant women. 25 years ago, a Lancet publication established that folic acid supplementation would prevent neural tube defects (NTDs). This was the conclusion from a randomized control trial (RCT) conducted at 33 centers in 7 countries.

    According to the ABCnews, a new epidemiological study finds high levels of folic acid in the blood of pregnant women may not be good for babies. 

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    March of Dimes Coalition Petitions FDA for Folic Acid Fortification of Corn Flour

    Mandating folic acid enrichment of select cereal grain products reduces the prevalence of neural tube defects (NTD). The number of babies born with NTDs in the US decreased from 4,000 infants in 1995-1996 (before mandatory fortification) to 3,000 infants four years later. 31% and 16% decreases were observed in the prevalence of spina bifida and anencephaly, respectively. As said by Dr Krista Crider, a geneticist with the CDC’s National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities said, “Many put [folic acid fortification] on the list of the most effective public health interventions.” 

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    Pregnancy, Zika Virus, Mosquitoes and B Vitamins

    With growing concerns about the impact of mosquito dissemination of Zika virus among pregnant women, one can forget that a lack of B vitamins can also stunt a baby’s brain development. Folate and B12 deficiency are linked to disruptions in myelination and  normal development of an infant’s central nervous system during pregnancy. Because of the high incidence of neural tube defects, folic acid fortification of enriched cereal grains and cereal grain products was mandated by law in the US in 1996. However, the law was limited to certain standards of identity (bread, rolls, and buns; wheat flours; corn meals; farina; rice; and macaroni and noodle products).

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