Being overweight doesn't equate to being overnourished. Nutrition is much more complicated than energy balance. Nutrition poverty, food security and poor dietary choices can result in being overweight and undernourished. Today we ask, how much of the increased risk observed with excess weight could be the consequence of insufficient intakes of essential nutrients (vitamins and minerals)?
For decades, obstetricians have routinely injected newborn babies with vitamin K soon after delivery. Vitamin K, a fat-soluble vitamin named “K” for the German word “koagulation” causes blood to clot, or coagulate, and prevents uncontrolled bleeding. As Phil Plait (@BadAstronomer) writes in Slate, some misinformed parents are refusing to have their infants injected. This is foolishness.
Babies are born vitamin K deficient. Severe vitamin K deficiency can occur within 6-15 weeks of birth.
Undernutrition during childhood increases risk of developing non-communicable diseases (NCD) in adulthood. History teaches us that girls who experience famine conditions famine conditions are more likely to develop peripheral artery disease and diabetes mellitus in adulthood (Portrait et al., 2011).
Undernutrition in early life leads to stunting.
Dr Arya Sharma, Professor of Medicine and Chair in Obesity Research and Management at the University of Alberta states that body mass index (BMI) is a poor indicator of health. Nevertheless, he is concerned by the rapid increase in the prevalence of severe obesity (BMI of 40-59.9 vs normal weight BMI 18.5-24.9) because of its association with a loss of 6.5 to 13.7 years of life.
Want to stay healthy and active into your 80’s? Of course the answer is yes. Researchers say it can be accomplished by promoting behaviors that prevent molecular and metabolic dysfunction. In other words, adopting healthy nutrition and physical activity behaviors.
Inflammation is a normal defensive response to infection and injury. Chronic, low-grade inflammation is believed to contribute to the development of several non-communicable diseases (NCD)
The civil war in Syria started almost three and a half years ago. As a result of the conflict, roughly 2.9 million people have fled Syria, and another 6.5 million are displaced within Syria. The majority of the international refugees now live in neighboring countries such as Jordan, Iraq, Lebanon, Egypt and Turkey, in refugee camps and also in the general community in these countries. Refugees are at increased risk of malnutrition, especially in protracted conflicts such as in Syria. A recent report from the CDC investigates rates of malnutrition in Syrian refugees living in and outside of a refugee camp in Jordan. What is the nutritional status of people living in such a compromised situation?
Vitamin D is most commonly associated with bone metabolism. Did you know low vitamin D status also affects muscle?
Liu and colleagues report that lower 25(OH)D concentrations are linked with greater muscle mass loss in middle-aged people. Using a subset of 3,289 community-dwelling residents from the Nutrition and Health of Aging Population in China Project living in Beijing and Shanghai, they report muscle mass
Calcium and vitamin D are essential nutrients for bone health. Many people, especially women, do not consume recommended amounts of these two nutrients from their diet. With a few exceptions, i.e. dairy products, snack bars and ready-to-eat cereals, it has been difficult to fortify foods with calcium (a mineral) without negatively affecting taste (and consumer preference). Federal regulations restrict the types of foods which can be fortified with vitamin D. Dietary supplements become a primary option to fill calcium and vitamin D shortfalls.