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TalkingNutrition

Providing perspectives on recent research into vitamins and nutritionals

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    At the heart of the matter: most comprehensive quantitative analysis of the effect of EPA and DHA on coronary heart disease

    According to the World Health Organization, by 2030 almost 23.6 million people will die from cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) - mainly from coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke, which are projected to remain the single leading causes of death. CHD is caused by a build-up of fatty deposits on the walls of the coronary arteries. A new comprehensive meta-analysis has been conducted to assess the effect of EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) and DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) on CHD. The research also aims to estimate the association between EPA and DHA intake and CHD risk. 

     

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    Oat-beta-glucan, a natural way to maintain a healthy blood cholesterol

     

    Numerous clinical studies, meta-analyses and systemic reviews have established that oat beta-glucan lowers plasma low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) levels. A meta-analysis by Whitehead et al. 2014 (1) showed that oat beta-glucan at doses of 3 g per day significantly decreases both total cholesterol and LDL-C levels. The outcomes suggest that high viscosity oat beta-glucan can reduce cholesterol, while low viscosity products have no significant effect. The physicochemical properties of beta-glucan - notably its molecular weight (MW) and viscosity - are key to the physiological benefits observed with beta-glucan products. The degree of polymerization of the beta-glucan is directly reflected in the viscosity, and the viscosity depends on the molecular weight.

     

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    Nutrition, health and economic status

    A DSM- and Sight and Life Foundation-led editorial board has launched a new book, Good Nutrition: perspectives for the 21st century, to provide the latest perspectives on the nutrition challenges that are now common to all societies worldwide. The first section of the book sets the scene for nutrition across the globe applying a one-world approach. The second part of the book considers the economic drivers of malnutrition and the relationship between nutrition quality and quality of health.

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    Higher levels of vitamin D associated with lower risk of breast cancer morbidity and mortality

    Breast cancer is the most prevalent cancer in women globally. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the diagnosis of breast cancer is growing in the developing world, due to increased life expectancy, increased urbanization and adoption of western lifestyles.[1] A new study suggests higher vitamin D levels are associated with lower risk of breast cancer progression and mortality. [2]

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    Circulatory and cognitive benefits of resveratrol: benefits for an aging population

    A healthy circulation is essential for healthy aging, yet many risk factors that contribute to the increasing rates of disability in our aging society, such as smoking, obesity and other components of metabolic syndrome, do so by undermining circulatory function. This results in adverse effects extending well beyond cardiovascular disease. Apart from deleterious metabolic and inflammatory changes affecting muscles and joints, poor tissue perfusion in the brain has been implicated in the severity of cognitive decline with aging

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