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Providing perspectives on recent research into vitamins and nutritionals


Vitamin E intakes for healthy hearts

By Manfred Eggersdorfer

Today’s consumer is increasingly knowledgeable about their health, which has led to a rising interest in the influence of the ingredients in their diet. A recent consumer survey[1] revealed that protection against diseases later in life – particularly cardiovascular conditions – is the leading health concern for adults of working age.

Besides the conventional risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD), oxidative stress and inflammation may contribute to an increased risk of CVD. Nutrients are vital in maintaining healthy body functions and this is where vitamin E may play an important role. Vitamin E is a powerful antioxidant and carries an approved health claim in the EU for “contributing to the protection of cells from oxidative stress.[2]” There is growing evidence that increased vitamin E consumption may be linked to lower risk of experiencing a cardiovascular condition due to oxidative stress or inflammation.[3],[4]  In spite of this, average daily vitamin E intakes are below recommended levels in 82% of the global population.[5]

In addition to the general recommended intakes, certain at-risk groups require more vitamin E than the average person. A new study[6] by researchers in the Linus Pauling Institute at Oregon State University has shown that people with metabolic syndrome, a combination of certain characteristics of diabetes, high blood pressure and obesity, need significantly more vitamin E. The millions of people meeting the criteria for metabolic syndrome are already at a greater risk of developing CVD and type-2 diabetes and require a 30-50% higher intake of vitamin E than an individual in good health. The research, a double-blind, crossover clinical trial, also outlined a flaw with conventional approaches to measuring vitamin E. As the micronutrient is attracted to high cholesterol and fat, vitamin E levels can stay at higher levels in the circulatory system and give the illusion of adequate levels, even though tissues may be deficient. This shows that conventional blood tests may be hiding further vitamin E deficiencies.

Vitamin E is a difficult micronutrient to obtain through diet alone. Vegetable oils are known to be a major dietary source of vitamin E; however, new research has shown oxidative degradation can lead to the amount of α-tocopherol being much lower than initially thought.[7] α-tocopherol is the type of vitamin E with the highest biological activity, making it particularly important to human health.

With vegetable oils an important source of vitamin E, the instability may be a contributing factor to low vitamin E intake across the world. Using higher levels of vitamin E in fortification is necessary to take into account the low stability and ensure that individuals, particularly those with metabolic syndrome, are not deficient. Additionally, vitamin E supplementation may help to increase levels of vitamin E in the body which can support the reduction of risk factors associated with CVD and help maintain heart health.

For more information on the important role that vitamin E may play in cardiovascular health, read ‘Strategic nutrition for heart health’ here.

[1] DSM ‘Trends in health concerns across Europe, Middle East and Africa’ 2016


[3] Knekt P, Reunanen A, Jarvinen R, Seppanen R, Heliovaara M, Aromaa A. Antioxidant vitamin intake and coronary mortality in a longitudinal population study. Am J Epidemiol. 1994;139(12):1180-1189

[4] Kushi LH, Folsom AR, Prineas RJ, Mink PJ, Wu Y, Bostick RM. Dietary antioxidant vitamins and death from coronary heart disease in postmenopausal women. N Engl J Med. 1996;334(18):1156-1162.

[5] Péter S et al. A systematic review of global alpha-tocopherol status as assessed by nutritional intake levels and blood serum concentrations. Int. J. Vitam. Nutr. Res., 2016, 1–21

[6] Traber et al. Metabolic syndrome increases dietary α-tocopherol requirements as assessed using urinary and plasma vitamin E catabolites: a double blonde, crossover clinical trial. Am J Clin Nutr ajcn138495; First published online January 11, 2017.

[7] Pignitter, M., Stolze, K., Gartner, S., Dumhart, B., Stoll, C., Steiger, G., Kraemer, K. and Somoza, V. (2014) Cold fluorescent light as major inducer of lipid oxidation in soybean oil stored at household conditions for eight weeks. J Agric Food Chem. 62, 2297 – 2305.

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Vitamin E is a fat-dissolvable supplement found in numerous sustenances. In the body, it goes about as a cancer prevention agent, shielding cells from the harm caused by free radicals. Free radicals are mixes framed when our bodies change over the nourishment we eat into vitality. Individuals are additionally presented to free radicals in nature from tobacco smoke, air contamination, and bright light from the sun.
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Vitamin E refers to a gathering of intensifies that include both tocopherols and tocotrienols. Of the various types of vitamin E, γ-tocopherol is the most widely recognized frame found in the North American diet.
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Vitamin E is a troublesome micronutrient to acquire through eating routine alone. Vegetable oils are known to be a noteworthy dietary wellspring of vitamin E; be that as it may, new research has indicated oxidative debasement can prompt the measure of α-tocopherol being much lower than at first thought. α-tocopherol is the kind of vitamin E with the most noteworthy organic movement, making it especially imperative to human wellbeing.
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Utilizing more elevated amounts of vitamin E in fortress is important to consider the low security and guarantee that people, especially those with metabolic disorder, are not inadequate. Furthermore, vitamin E supplementation may build levels of vitamin E in the body which can bolster the diminishment of hazard factors related with CVD and help keep up heart wellbeing.
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The present shopper is progressively learned about their wellbeing, which has prompted a rising enthusiasm for the impact of the fixings in their eating regimen. A current buyer survey[1] uncovered that security against sicknesses further down the road – especially cardiovascular conditions – is the main wellbeing worry for grown-ups of working age.
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A current purchaser survey[1] uncovered that security against illnesses sometime down the road – especially cardiovascular conditions – is the main wellbeing worry for grown-ups of working age. Other than the ordinary hazard factors for cardiovascular malady (CVD), oxidative anxiety and aggravation may add to an expanded danger of CVD.
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Other than the ordinary hazard factors for cardiovascular malady (CVD), oxidative anxiety and aggravation may add to an expanded danger of CVD. Supplements are key in keeping up solid body capacities and this is the place vitamin E may assume an essential part. Vitamin E is an effective cancer prevention agent and conveys an endorsed wellbeing claim in the EU for "adding to the security of cells from oxidative anxiety
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