'Made to be made again'
The Ellen MacArthur Foundation defines a Circular Economy as "one that is restorative and regenerative by design, and which aims to keep products, components and materials at their highest utility and value at all times, distinguishing between technical and biological cycles."
This challenges us to design new products and solutions that are 'Made to be made again'. DSM uses its scientific competences to enable materials recovery with coatings and adhesives designed for easier recycling and to unlock the of value of bio-based waste streams.
Together with Niaga, a start-up from the carpet industry, DSM formed a joint venture to develop a technology that enables the manufacturing of high-quality carpets from one single material or two at most. In the event two materials are used, they can easily be separated as a result of an innovative interlayer. This makes the materials fully recyclable, closing the carpet materials loop and allowing for 100% recycling and as much as a 95% reduction in the energy used during production.
POET-DSM Advanced Biofuels' commercial-scale cellulosic ethanol plant is deep in the heart of rural Iowa, ensuring a plentiful supply of corn stover, the above-ground plant left after harvesting. The farms surrounding Emmetsburg have been carefully evaluated for responsible harvesting and removing ~25% of stove is optimum and a new income stream from waste. The thermostable enzymes needed to convert crop residue into ethanol via a bioconversion process using enzymatic hydrolysis followed by fermentation are produced onsite, so the resultant fuel GHG emissions are negligible over the life-cycle.