Salmonids: Reduced growth and feed efficiency, anorexia, tetany, elevated liver and muscle lipid content (Barnett et al., 1979, 1982a, b; George et al., 1981).
Amago salmon (Oncorhynchus rhodurus, Jordan and McGregor): Reduced growth, caudal region and fin tip damage, atrophied and necrotic epidermal cells, liver degeneration, hypocalcemia (Taveekijakarn et al., 1996c).
Channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus): Reduced growth; reduced feed efficiency; low percentages of body ash, phosphorus and calcium (Lovell and Li, 1978; Andrews et al., 1980; Brown and Robinson, 1992).
Hybrid tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus/aureus): Reduced growth poor feed efficiency, low hemoglobin, hepatosomatic index and plasma alkaline phosphatase activity (Shiau and Hwang, 1993).
Blue tilapia (Oreochromis aureus): Reduced growth (O’Connell and Gatlin, 1994).
Shrimp (Penaeus japonicus): Reduced growth, reduced survival, reduced alkaline phosphatase activity (Kanazawa, 1985; Shiau and Hwang, 1994).
Shrimp (Penaeus vannamei): Reduced growth (He et al., 1992).
Rora (Labeo rohita): Reduced feed efficiency (Ashok et al., 1998).