Fish & shrimp

DSM Vitamin Supplementation Guidelines 2022 for Animal Nutrition

Fish & shrimps

Added per kg air-dry feed. Local legal limits need to be observed.

Category/Phase Vit. A Vit. D3 250HD3 (Hy•D) Vit. E Vit. K3 Vit. B1 Vit. B2 Vit. B6 Vit. B12 Niacin Biotin Pantothenic acid Folic acid Vit. C (6) Choline Astaxanthin
  (IU/kg) (IU/kg) (mcg/kg) (mg/kg) (mg/kg) (Thiamin) mg/kg (Riboflavin) mg/kg (Pyridoxine) mg/kg (Cyanocobalamin) (mg/kg) (mg/kg) (mg/kg) (mg/kg) (mg/kg) (mg/kg) (mg/kg) (mg/kg)
Salmon/Trout(2)
4,000 – 8,000 2,500 – 8,000 80 – 800  200 – 600(5) 8 – 12 15 – 30 25 – 40 20 – 35 0.17 – 0.25 150 – 200 1.0 – 1.2 40 – 60 10 – 15 200 – 1,000(7) 500 – 4,000 50 – 100(8)
Tilapia(2)(9) 8,000 – 11,000  1,500 – 2,000  100 – 750  5 – 10  10 – 20 15 – 20 15 – 25 0.02 – 0.05 80 – 120 0.5 – 1.0 40 – 50 10 – 20 150 – 1,500 600 – 1,200  
Carp(2)
8,000 – 11,000  1,500 – 2,000 100 – 900  5 – 10  10 – 20 15 – 20 15 – 25 0.02 – 0.05 80 – 120 0.5 – 1.0 40 – 50 4 – 7 150 – 400 600 – 1,800  
Catfish(2) 8,000 – 11,000  1,500 – 2,000 100 – 300 5 – 10  10 – 20 15 – 20 15 – 25 0.02 – 0.05 80 – 120 0.5 – 1.0 40 – 50 4 – 7 150 – 1,000 600 – 1,100  
Seabass/Seabream(2)
8,000 – 12,000  1,700 – 2,200 200 – 400 8 – 12 20 – 30 20 – 30 20 – 25 0.1 – 0.2 100 –140 0.8 – 1.0 50 – 100 4 – 6 150 – 200 600 – 1,000 50 – 150
Eel(2) 8,000 – 12,000  1,500 – 2,000 150 – 300 3 – 6   15 – 25 20 – 30 10 – 15 0.1 – 0.2 80 – 120 0.3 – 0.5 50 – 60 4 – 6 150 – 900 800 – 1,200  
Shrimp(3) 7,000 – 12,000 4,000 – 6,500(4) 150 – 300 40 – 60 50 – 150 40 – 80 50 – 175 0.02 – 0.05 100 – 250 1.0 – 2.25 100 – 180 10 – 20 250 – 500 600 – 6,500 50 – 200

(2) Amount to be increased by 30% for fry and broodstock
(3) At low stock density (<10pl/m2) the lower levels are recommended
(4) upper level for low salinity rearing
(5) Additional 200 mg/kg may be required to optimise flesh quality dependent on dietary fat levels
(6) Use ROVIMIX® STAY-C®35 for reducing losses during processing
(7) During winter feeding for wound healing and immune function: total 1000 mg/kg feed
(8) For flesh pigmentation
(9) Amount to be increased by 30-50% during winter period

Conversion Factors

Vitamin (active substance) Unit Conversion factor (active substance form to vitamin form)
Vitamin A (retinol) IU 1 IU Vitamin A = 0.344 μg Vitamin A acetate (retinyl acetate)
Vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol) IU 1 IU Vitamin D3 = 0.025 μg Vitamin D3
25OHD(25 hydroxy- cholecalciferol) mg 1 μg 25OHD3 = 40 IU Vitamin D3
Vitamin E (tocopherol) mg 1 mg Vitamin E = 1 mg dl-α-Tocopheryl acetate
Vitamin K3 (menadione) mg 1 mg of Vitamin K3 = 2.3 mg of Menadione Nicotinamide Bisulfite (MNB)
Vitamin B1 (thiamine) mg 1 mg of Vitamin B1 = 1.088 mg of Thiamine mononitrate
Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) mg  
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) mg 1 mg Vitamin B6 = 1.215 mg Pyridoxine hydrochloride
Vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin) mg  
Vitamin B3 (Niacin) mg 1 mg Nicotinic acid = 1 mg niacin
1 mg Nicotinamide (or Niacinamide) = 1 mg Niacin
Vitamin H or B7 (D-Biotin) mg 1 mg of Biotin = 1 mg D-Biotin
Vitamin B5 (D-Pantothenic acid) mg 1 mg d-Pantothenic acid = 1,087 mg Calcium d-Pantothenate or 2.174 mg Calcium dl-pantothenate
Vitamin B9 (Folic acid)
mg  
Vitamin C mg 1 mg Vitamin C = 1 mg L-Ascorbic acid
Astaxanthin IU  

Click in the species below to see the Optimum Vitamin Nutrition Guidelines

Broilers: Starter, Grower, Finisher.

Broiler breeders: Starter/Grower (Pullets), Layers and male breeders

Turkeys: Starter, Grower, Finisher.

Turkey breeders: Starter, Grower, Layers and male breeders

Hens and Duck layers, Layers breeders, Ducks and Geese, Partridges, Quails and pheasants, Ostrich and Emu

Fattening Pigs: Pre-starter, Starter, Grower, Finisher.

Breeders: Replacement gilts, Sows, Boars

Calves, milk replacer, Heifers, Beef cattle, Beef cows, Dairy cows, Breeding bulls Sheep & Goats

Foals, Leisure horses, Race horses, Mares and Stallions, Rabbits, Mick & Foxes

Dogs and cats

Salmon / Trout, Carp/Tilapia/Cat-fish, Eels, Seabream/Seabass, Shrimp

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