Fish & shrimp

DSM Vitamin Supplementation Guidelines 2016 for Animal Nutrition

Fish & shrimps

Added per kg air-dry feed

Category/Phase Vit. A Vit. D3 Vit. E Vit. K(Menadione) Vit. B1 Vit. B2 Vit. B6 Vit. B12 Niacin d-Panto thenic acid Folic acid Biotin Vit. C (6) Choline Astaxanthin
  I.U. I.U. mg mg mg mg mg mg mg mg mg mg mg mg  
Salmon/Trout(2) 4000-8000 2500-3500 200-400(5) 8-12 15-30 25-40 20-35 0,05-0,08 150-200 40-60 10-15 1,0-1,2 150-250(7) 500-1000 50-100(8)
Warm-water fish(2)
Carp/Tilapia/Cat-fish
8000-11.000 1500-2000 100-300 5-10 10-20 15-20 15-25 0,02-0,05 80-120 40-50 4-7 0,5-1,0 150-250 600-1000  
Eels(2) 8000-12.000 1500-2000 150-300 3-6 15-25 20-30 10-15 0,10-0,20 80-120 50-60 4-6 0,3-0,5 150-300 800-1200  
Seabream / Seabass(2) 8000-12.000 1700-2200 200-400 8-12 20-30 20-30 20-25 0,10-0,20 100-140 50-100 4-6 0,8-1,0 150-250 600-1000  
Shrimp 7000-12.000 2500-6500(4) 150-300 40-60 50-100 40-80 50-120 0,02-0,05 100-250 100-180 10-20 1,0-2,0 250-500 400-600 15-80

(2) Amount to be increased by 30% for fry and broodstock
(3) At low stock density (<10pl/m2) the lower levels are recommended
(4) upper level for low salinity rearing
(5) Additional 200 mg/kg may be required to optimise flesh quality dependent on dietary fat levels
(6) Use ROVIMIX® STAY-C®35 for reducing losses during processing
(7) During winter feeding for wound healing and immune function: total 1000 mg/kg feed
(8) For flesh pigmentation

Conversion Factors

Vitamin activity (active substance) Conversion factor from active substance to vitamin form
1 IU Vitamin A (retinol) 0,344 μg Vitamin A acetate (retinyl acetate)
1 IU Vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol) 0,025 μg Vitamin D3
1 μg 25OHD3 40 IU Vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol)
1,0 mg Vitamin E (tocopherol) 1,0 mg DL- α-Tocopheryl acetate
1,0 mg Vitamin K3 (menadione) 2,0 mg Menadione Sodium Bisulfite (MSB)
2,3 mg Menadione Nicotinamide Bisulfite (MNB)
1,0 mg Vitamin B1 (thiamine) 1,088 mg Thiamine mononitrate
1,12 mg Thiamine hydrochloride
1,0 mg Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) 1,215 mg Pyridoxine hydrochloride
1,0 mg d-Pantothenic acid 1,087 mg Calcium d-pantothenate
2,174 mg Calcium dl-pantothenate
1,0 mg Biotin 1 mg D-Biotin
1,0 mg Vitamin C 1 mg L-Ascorbic acid
1,0 mg Choline 1,15 mg Choline chloride

Click in the species below to see the Optimum Vitamin Nutrition Guidelines

Broilers: Starter, Grower, Finisher.

Broiler breeders: Starter/Grower (Pullets), Layers and male breeders

Turkeys: Starter, Grower, Finisher.

Turkey breeders: Starter, Grower, Layers and male breeders

Hens and Duck layers, Layers breeders, Ducks and Geese, Partridges, Quails and pheasants, Ostrich and Emu

Fattening Pigs: Pre-starter, Starter, Grower, Finisher.

Breeders: Replacement gilts, Sows, Boars

Calves, milk replacer, Heifers, Beef cattle, Beef cows, Dairy cows, Breeding bulls Sheep & Goats

Foals, Leisure horses, Race horses, Mares and Stallions, Rabbits, Mick & Foxes

Dogs and cats

Salmon / Trout, Carp/Tilapia/Cat-fish, Eels, Seabream/Seabass, Shrimp

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