Horses

DSM Vitamin Supplementation Guidelines 2016 for Animal Nutrition

Horses

Category/Phase Weight Vit. A Vit. D3(3) Vit. E Vit. K(Menadione) Vit. B1 Vit. B2 Vit. B6 Vit. B12 Niacin d-Panto thenic acid Folic acid Biotin Vit. C (7)(8) Choline  
  kg I.U. I.U. mg mg mg mg mg mg mg mg mg mg mg mg  
Foals, 1st year 250 25.000-30.000 5000-5500 250-550(5) 6-12 25-30 15-20 15-20 0,15-0,3 25-50 25-40 6-24 2-3 275-550 300-600  
Leisure horses(1) 550 35.000-45.000 3500-4500 550-1100 6-12 40-66 30-44 25-35 0,15-0,35 55-85 45-65 6-24 15-20   600-1200  
Race horses(1) 550 65.000-80.000 6500-8500 1100-3300 6-12 70-110 50-75 40-55 0,15-0,55 110-220 50-88 6-24 15-20 1100-2200 1000-1200  
Mares and
Stallions(1)
550 65.000-80.000 6500-8500 1100-2500 6-12 70-110 50-75 40-55 0,15-0,55 110-220 50-88 6-24 15-30 1100-2200 1000-1200 1000-1250(9)
Rabbits(2)   8000-12.000 800-1200 40-60 1-2 1-2 3-6 2-3 0,01-0,02 40-60 10-15 0,2-0,5 0,10-0,20(6) 150-250 600-800 10-20
Mink & Foxes(2)   10.000-15.000 1500-2000 100-200(4) 1-2 20-50(5) 10-20 10-20 0,03-0,06 20-40 8-20 0,6-0,1 0,30-0,60 100-200    

(1) Added per animal per day
(2) Added per kg air-dry feed
(3) Local legal limits need to be observed
(4) Dietary fat higher than 3%: additional 5 mg/kg feed for each 1% dietary fat
(5) When feeding raw fish additional 50 mg/kg feed
(6) For fur production rabbits: 0,6 mg/kg feed
(7) Recommended in stress condition and to enhance reproductive performance in breeders
(8) Use ROVIMIX® STAY-C®35 for reducing losses during processing
(9) ROVIMIX® ß-carotene should be fed prior to oestrus and through pregnancy and 10 weeks post partum or at any time when a diet low in ß-carotene is provided

Conversion Factors

Vitamin activity (active substance) Conversion factor from active substance to vitamin form
1 IU Vitamin A (retinol) 0,344 μg Vitamin A acetate (retinyl acetate)
1 IU Vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol) 0,025 μg Vitamin D3
1 μg 25OHD3 40 IU Vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol)
1,0 mg Vitamin E (tocopherol) 1,0 mg DL- α-Tocopheryl acetate
1,0 mg Vitamin K3 (menadione) 2,0 mg Menadione Sodium Bisulfite (MSB)
2,3 mg Menadione Nicotinamide Bisulfite (MNB)
1,0 mg Vitamin B1 (thiamine) 1,088 mg Thiamine mononitrate
1,12 mg Thiamine hydrochloride
1,0 mg Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) 1,215 mg Pyridoxine hydrochloride
1,0 mg d-Pantothenic acid 1,087 mg Calcium d-pantothenate
2,174 mg Calcium dl-pantothenate
1,0 mg Biotin 1 mg D-Biotin
1,0 mg Vitamin C 1 mg L-Ascorbic acid
1,0 mg Choline 1,15 mg Choline chloride

Click in the species below to see the Optimum Vitamin Nutrition Guidelines

Broilers: Starter, Grower, Finisher.

Broiler breeders: Starter/Grower (Pullets), Layers and male breeders

Turkeys: Starter, Grower, Finisher.

Turkey breeders: Starter, Grower, Layers and male breeders

Hens and Duck layers, Layers breeders, Ducks and Geese, Partridges, Quails and pheasants, Ostrich and Emu

Fattening Pigs: Pre-starter, Starter, Grower, Finisher.

Breeders: Replacement gilts, Sows, Boars

Calves, milk replacer, Heifers, Beef cattle, Beef cows, Dairy cows, Breeding bulls Sheep & Goats

Foals, Leisure horses, Race horses, Mares and Stallions, Rabbits, Mick & Foxes

Dogs and cats

Salmon / Trout, Carp/Tilapia/Cat-fish, Eels, Seabream/Seabass, Shrimp

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