Layers & other Poultry

DSM Vitamin Supplementation Guidelines 2016 for Animal Nutrition

Layers & other poultry

Added per kg air-dry feed

Category/Phase Duration Vit. A Vit. D3(2) 25OHD3 (Hy*D)(2) Vit. E(3) Vit. K(Menadione) Vit. B1 Vit. B2 Vit. B6 Vit. B12(7) Niacin d-Panto thenic acid Folic acid Biotin Vit. C (8)(9) Choline
    I.U. I.U. mg mg mg mg mg mg mg mg mg mg mg mg mg
Hens and Duck
Layers

Starter (Pullets)
0-10 weeks 12.000-13.000 3000-4000 0,069 50-70(5) 3-3,5 2-2,5 6-7 4,5-5,5 0,025-0,030 50-60 15-17 1-1,5 0,15-0,20 100-150 200-400
Rearing (Pullets) 10 wks-2% lay 10.000-12.000 3000-4000 0,069 30-35 3-3,5 2-2,5 5-6 3-5 0,020-0,025 30-60 12-15 1-1,5 0,10-0,15 100-150 200-400
Layers Laying phase 8000-12.000 3000-4000 0,069 20-30(6) 2,5-3 2,5-3 5-7 3,5-5 0,015-0,025 30-50 8,0-12,0 1-1,5 0,10-0,15 100-200 300-500
Layers breeders
Pullets, Layers and
Male Breeders
0 weeks to end 10.000-15.000 3000-4500 0,069(3) 50-100(5)(6) 2-5 2,5-3,5 10-12 5-6 0,020-0,040 45-60 15-20 2-3 0,25-0,40 150-200 300-500
Ducks and Geese   12.000-15.000 3000-5000 0,069 40-80 3-5 2-3 5-7 5-7 0,020-0,040 60-80 10-15 1-2 0,20-0,25 100-200 300-500
Partridges, quails
and pheasants
  12.000-13.500 3000-4000 0,069 50-80 2-4 2-4 5-7 4-6 0,030-0,050 50-80 15-25 1,5-2 0,20-0,25 100-200 400-600
Ostrich and emu   12.000-16.000 3000-4000 0,069 40-60 2-4 3-5 10-20 6-8 0,050-0,100 80-100 12-20 2-4 0,20-0,35 200-250 600-800

(2) Local legal limits need to be observed
(3) Add 60 mg/kg CAROPHYLL® red to improve hatchability. MaxiChick™ (Hy-D® 1,25% and CAROPHYLL® red) is a DSM Nutritional Products Patent and Trademark
(4) When dietary fat is higher than 3% then add 5 mg/kg feed for each 1% dietary fat
(5) For optimum immune function increase level up to 100 mg/kg in Layers Starter and up to 150 mg/kg in Breeders
(6) Under heat stress conditions increase level up to 200 mg/kg
(7) Use upper level as reference for animal protein free diets and when cobalt is supplemented at very low levels or removed
(8) Recommended under heat stress condition and to enhance reproductive performance in breeders
(9) Use ROVIMIX® STAY-C®35 for reducing loss during processing

 

Conversion Factors

Vitamin activity (active substance) Conversion factor from active substance to vitamin form
1 IU Vitamin A (retinol) 0,344 μg Vitamin A acetate (retinyl acetate)
1 IU Vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol) 0,025 μg Vitamin D3
1 μg 25OHD3 40 IU Vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol)
1,0 mg Vitamin E (tocopherol) 1,0 mg DL- α-Tocopheryl acetate
1,0 mg Vitamin K3 (menadione) 2,0 mg Menadione Sodium Bisulfite (MSB)
2,3 mg Menadione Nicotinamide Bisulfite (MNB)
1,0 mg Vitamin B1 (thiamine) 1,088 mg Thiamine mononitrate
1,12 mg Thiamine hydrochloride
1,0 mg Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) 1,215 mg Pyridoxine hydrochloride
1,0 mg d-Pantothenic acid 1,087 mg Calcium d-pantothenate
2,174 mg Calcium dl-pantothenate
1,0 mg Biotin 1 mg D-Biotin
1,0 mg Vitamin C 1 mg L-Ascorbic acid
1,0 mg Choline 1,15 mg Choline chloride

Click in the species below to see the Optimum Vitamin Nutrition Guidelines

Broilers: Starter, Grower, Finisher.

Broiler breeders: Starter/Grower (Pullets), Layers and male breeders

Turkeys: Starter, Grower, Finisher.

Turkey breeders: Starter, Grower, Layers and male breeders

Hens and Duck layers, Layers breeders, Ducks and Geese, Partridges, Quails and pheasants, Ostrich and Emu

Fattening Pigs: Pre-starter, Starter, Grower, Finisher.

Breeders: Replacement gilts, Sows, Boars

Calves, milk replacer, Heifers, Beef cattle, Beef cows, Dairy cows, Breeding bulls Sheep & Goats

Foals, Leisure horses, Race horses, Mares and Stallions, Rabbits, Mick & Foxes

Dogs and cats

Salmon / Trout, Carp/Tilapia/Cat-fish, Eels, Seabream/Seabass, Shrimp

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