About 90% of hip fractures occur from a simple fall from standing height or less. The risk of falling increase with age from 1-in-5 women 45-49y to nearly 1-in-2 for those >85y along with 1/3 of men. To help educate consumers and provide guidance to manufacturers of fortified foods and beverages, and dietary supplements, the FDA and EFSA Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies have approved health claims for vitamin D and calcium.
In leading medical journal The Lancet, Rossor and Knapp frame the challenge in reducing the disease burden of dementia as a “cognitive footprint”. As world populations age, there are concerns that the costs of treating and caring for people with dementia will be problematic. Via a “cognitive footprint” Rossor and Knapp attempt to bring attention to a wide range of activities that can preserve cognition over the lifespan. But, where's the nutrition?
Until the last century, scientists weren’t certain that diseases such as scurvy, rickets and night blindness were caused by dietary deficiencies. The discovery of vitamins of vitamins in the early 1900s was founded upon controlled experimental studies manipulating the diet of humans and rats, chicks, pigeons, guinea pigs, mice and dogs.
Many people are still at risk of vitamin deficiency globally. Even more are at risk of vitamin inadequacy – vitamin concentrations in the body which are too low (insufficient) to support health.
As innovative and exciting as so many reports in nutrition can be, often there’s a long history behind it. In nutrition, the relationship between the Mediterranean diet and heart disease goes back to the 1950s when it was first described by Ancel Keys, an early pioneer in the field nutrition epidemiology. Dr. Keys made an observation that residents of Naples, Italy had a relatively low incidence of coronary heart disease, which he suggested was due to their unique diet. Generally speaking, this diet was low in saturated fats and high in green leafy vegetables, tomatoes, and olive oil.
“Vitamin D contributes to the normal function of the immune system”. This is the conclusion of the EFSA Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies (NDA). The expert committee determined a cause and effect relationship exists between the dietary intake of vitamin D and contribution to the normal function of the immune system. It is a beneficial effect.
This scientific opinion extends the benefits of vitamin D beyond recognized benefits in the maintenance of normal bones and teeth.