Inflammation, especially chronic inflammation, has been linked with cardiovascular disease and metabolic syndrome-associated disorders (obesity, insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, and hepatic steatosis). Maternal inflammation during pregnancy can even affect the health of a child.
Elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) concentrations are a marker of inflammation. CRP concentrations increase in response to infections, inflammation, and oxidative stress. Eating a diet lacking adequate amounts of omega-3 fatty acids, especially DHA and EPA, is associated with higher CRP concentrations. Vitamin D supplementation increases serum 25(OH)D3 concentrations and reduces CRP concentrations.Read More »