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TalkingNutrition

Providing perspectives on recent research into vitamins and nutritionals

Entries filed under 'Nutrient assessment'

    Good Nutrition_book blog 2

    Nutrition, health and economic status

    A DSM- and Sight and Life Foundation-led editorial board has launched a new book, Good Nutrition: perspectives for the 21st century, to provide the latest perspectives on the nutrition challenges that are now common to all societies worldwide. The first section of the book sets the scene for nutrition across the globe applying a one-world approach. The second part of the book considers the economic drivers of malnutrition and the relationship between nutrition quality and quality of health.

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    Higher levels of vitamin D associated with lower risk of breast cancer morbidity and mortality

    Breast cancer is the most prevalent cancer in women globally. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the diagnosis of breast cancer is growing in the developing world, due to increased life expectancy, increased urbanization and adoption of western lifestyles.[1] A new study suggests higher vitamin D levels are associated with lower risk of breast cancer progression and mortality. [2]

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    New study finds AN-PEP enzyme can degrade 86% of gluten in the stomach

    During the recent 38th ESPEN conference in Copenhagen, Denmark, the results of a new study into AN-PEP enzyme were presented. Gluten protein is hard to digest because it contains many proline residues, which are poorly digested by our own enzymes. The AN-PEP enzyme specifically targets proline residues and can efficiently degrade gluten into harmless fragments. Traditional DPP-IV enzymes target only the terminal peptide bonds in gluten protein. However, the AN-PEP enzyme is more efficient than those DPP-IV enzymes as it cleaves the entire gluten protein into small fragments, which are easier to digest.

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    Unlocking Heart Health with Fish Oil

    Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of death across the globe. Approximately 17.3 million deaths a year are attributed to CVDs, representing 31% of all deaths worldwide, with at least three quarters of these occurring in low to middle income countries.

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    Cancer, PHS II, EPIC and Measuring Vitamin Status

    The Physicians’ Health Study II (PHS II) tested the effects of low-dose multivitamin-mineral supplementation in 18,350 men who had volunteered for a randomized controlled trial (RCT) involving aspirin and/or beta-carotene beginning in 1982.  Multivitamin-mineral use was associated with a 39% reduction in fatal heart attacks (myocardial infarction, MI).

    Rautianinen and colleagues wanted to know if healthy physicians who were using multivitamins at baseline had a lower risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Men who said they were using multivitamins at baseline (1982) were more likely to smoke, to be physically active, and less likely to consume alcohol.  Men who reported ≥20 y of multivitamin use at baseline had a lower risk of CVD events. 

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