Multivitamin Supplements Support Full-Term Pregnancies
According to the CDC, 11% of women have difficulty getting pregnant or carrying a baby to full term. A new study finds that women using a multivitamin-mineral supplement before and during the first term of pregnancy are less likely to miscarry.
Couples living in Michigan and Texas were recruited to a lifestyle style assessing daily use of multivitamins, cigarettes, caffeinated and alcoholic beverages. The women used fertility clinics for ovulation detection and pregnancy tests. Daily data from 344 couples (28% of the cohort) from gestation through the 7th week of pregnancy was examined from couples who had a baby. Of the 344 pregnancies, 98 ended in miscarriage (28%). Being 35y and older, increased miscarriage risk . Miscarriage risk was 55% lower among women ≥35y who regularly used a multivitamin supplement during preconception. Taking a multivitamin supplement was associated with a 79% reduced risk of miscarriage during pregnancy.
Eating a nutritious diet is important, especially so for couples hoping to have a baby. The Scientific Report of the 2015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee found that 9 nutrients are underconsumed: vitamins A, C, D, E, folate, calcium, fiber, magnesium and potassium. For women of reproductive age, iron is added to this list.
Consuming recommended amounts of vitamins and minerals to maintain optimal nutritional status is especially important before and during pregnancy. Vitamin D insufficiency is associated with increased risk of miscarriage. Low blood vitamin E concentrations are associated with increased risk of miscarriage.
Globally, pregnancy outcomes are known to be associated with inadequate intakes of micronutrients. New NIH research demonstrates the benefits of using multivitamin supplements by couples who wish to conceive.
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