Vitamin B12

DSM ESSENTIAL PRODUCTS

B group vitamins act as coenzymes on different metabolic pathways and, in many biochemical reactions multiple B-group vitamins are involved at the same time. Their presence is fundamental for the normal functioning of the organism.

Vitamin B12 (cobalamin): the anti-anemic factor 

Vitamin B12 is a coenzyme in intermediate metabolism. However its main known functionality is its role in blood cell formation and the ability to prevent certain forms of anaemia and neurological disturbancies.

For more information on DSM Vitamin Supplementation Guidelines.

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DSM Product Content (min.) Formulation Technology Application
Vitamin B12 1% Feed Grade 1% (10 g/kg) Fine crystalline powder Mash, Pellet, Expansion, Extrusion
ROVIMIX® B12 1% Feed Grade 1% (10 g/kg) Spray-dried power Mash, Pellet, Expansion, Extrusion

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Main functions:

  • Synthesis of red blood cells and growth
  • Involved in methionine metabolism
  • Coenzyme in nucleic acids (DNA and RNA) and protein metabolism
  • Metabolism of fats and carbohydrates

Deficiency symptoms:

  • Reduced growth rate and lower feed conversion
  • Defective feathering, poor plumage
  • Leg weakness, perosis
  • Gizzard erosion
  • Reduced hatchability and higher embryo mortality

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Main functions:

  • Synthesis of red blood cells and growth
  • Involved in methionine metabolism
  • Coenzyme in nucleic acids (DNA and RNA) and protein metabolism
  • Metabolism of fats and carbohydrates

Deficiency symptoms:

  • Synthesis of red blood cells and growth
  • Involved in methionine metabolism
  • Coenzyme in nucleic acids (DNA and RNA) and protein metabolism
  • Metabolism of fats and carbohydrates

Main functions:

  • Synthesis of red blood cells and growth
  • Essential in utilization of propionic acid (and thus the production of glucose and lactose)
  • Involved in methionine metabolism
  • Coenzyme in nucleic acids (DNA and RNA) and protein metabolism
  • Metabolism of fats and carbohydrates

Deficiency symptoms:

  • Anaemia
  • Reduced milk yield in diets with low cobalt supply
  • Growth retardation and lower feed conversion
  • Reduced production of DNA and RNA
  • Leg weakness
  • Increased excitability

Main functions:

  • Synthesis of red blood cells and growth
  • Involved in methionine metabolism
  • Coenzyme in nucleic acids (DNA and RNA) and protein metabolism
  • Metabolism of fats and carbohydrates

Deficiency symptoms:

  • Reduced production of DNA and RNA
  • Growth retardation
  • Hematological index changes: anaemia
  • Loss of appetite up to anorexia

Related Publications

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